抗战胜利70周年阅兵观后感【抗战70周年阅兵观后感】

野菊花的作文 优秀中考作文题目100个

桐庐县招投标网:假如我是班长作文500字 [假如我是班长]

2019年11月23日 06:46

去年夏天,我到郑州参加河南省第八届轮滑锦标赛时,以预赛第二名的成绩进入总决赛,跟我争夺冠军的是预赛成绩第一名的洛阳代表队的选手。第一局,我一直紧张地盯着对手,以至于起跑的哨声我也没有听到。结果可想而知,对手轻松赢了第一局。


  非谓语动词在英语语法中是很重要的一部分,在英语的使用中占着不可忽略的地位,对分析句子结构有着不可低估的作用。下面就简单地谈一下学习非谓语动词的方法。
  1、非谓语动词的概念
  要想学好非谓语动词,首先得明白什么是非谓语动词。
  英语中的动词有很多形式,如动词原形、动词的第三人称单数形式、一般过去式、动词的ing形式、过去分词和动词不定式。后面三种就是非谓语动词。那么非谓语动词,顾名思义就是不作谓语动词的动词。谓语动词在句子中是不可缺少的,时态、语态和语气都要表示在谓语动词上,说明主语的动作或状态。非谓语动词不是谓语动词,仅补充说明句子或句子的某一成分,居于次要地位。也可以这样说,若一个句子有2个或2个以上的动词,从第2个动词开始就要考虑用某种非谓语动词形式或是与前面的动词并列用并列连词连接。如:
   He likes singing English songs. (划线部分作likes的宾语)
   She smiled and went away. (划线部分为与smiled并列的谓语动词)
   2、非谓语动词的意义
  首先在头脑中明确非谓语动词存在的意义才能实现分析和运用非谓语动词的目的。在句子中用非谓语动词可以简化句子,很多从句和并列的谓语动词都可以用非谓语动词表示出来,使句子结构简短化。如:
   They walked slowly and talked about their past.
   =They walked slowly, talking about their past.
   If he had been given more time, he could have finished the work ahead of time.
   =Given more time, he could have finished the work ahead of time
   They wonder how they can overcome the present difficulties.
  =They wonder how to overcome the present difficulties.
   在英语中主张能用一个单词表示的就不用短语,能用短语表示的就不用句子,非谓语动词及其短语就能实现替代短语和句子的作用。同时,因为有了非谓语动词,可以在写文章时灵活运用简单句、并列句和复合句,使句子结构富于变化,成就一篇优美的文章。
  3、非谓语动词的形式
  粗略地一看,非谓语动词的形式多又杂,使得头脑中一塌糊涂。其实不然,静下心来想一想,能分出这么多的形式一定是有它们存在的道理的。
   学习非谓语动词的形式和用法必须联系谓语动词的时态和语态,两者在称呼说法上有很多相似之处。过去分词只有一个形式很好记,结合谓语动词的被动语态(be+动词的过去分词)就能记住它表示被动或完成的含义,从而也就记住了其形式(done)。
   另外两种非谓语动词(动词不定式和v-ing)的形式要多一些,总体上来说,它们的一般主动式就是它们本身的形式(to do sth,和doing sth)。一般被动式就是将它们本身的形式和被动语态的结构结合起来就形成了to be done和being done。它们的完成主动式(to have done sth,和having done sth,)和完成被动式(to have been done和having been done)就结合谓语动词的完成时态和被动语态来掌握。动词不定式还有进行式(to be doing sth)就结合谓语动词的进行时态来学习。至于所有非谓语动词的否定形式基本上都是在它们前面加not就是了。for/of sb,+to do sth是动词不定式的带有逻辑主语的复合结构。v-ing和过去分词复合结构就是在它们前面直接加上名词、人称代词(v-ing做主语、宾语、状语和过去分词做状语时)或形容词性物主代词、名词所有格(v-ing做主语、宾语时)为其逻辑主语,结合词性能作什么成分去分析掌握。
  4、非谓语动词的含义
  非谓语动词的每种形式的含义须与其谓语动词发生的先后时间进行比较和参考与其逻辑主语的主动、被动关系。每种非谓语动词有自己的基本含义,如:动词不定式的最基本含义是“将要”,即发生在谓语动词之后。v-ing形式表示“主动、正在进行”,与谓语动词基本上是同时发生或紧接着发生。过去分词(done,仅有这一种形式)表示“被动或完成”,即发生在谓语动词之前,与其逻辑主语是被动关系。
   但动词不定式和v-lng的各种具体形式又有不同的含义。
   动词不定式的一般主动式(to do sth)和一般被动式(to be done)是发生在谓语动词之后,与其逻辑主语分别是主动和被动关系;进行式(to be doing sth)是与谓语动词基本上同时发生,与其逻辑主语是主动关系(此种形式没有被动式);完成主动式(to have done sth)和完成被动式(to have been done)是发生在谓语动词之前,与其逻辑主语分别是主动和被动关系。v-ing的一般主动式(doing sth)和一般被动式(being done)是与谓语动词同时或紧接着发生,与其逻辑主语分别是主动和被动关系;完成主动式(having done sth)和完成被动式(being done)是先于谓语动词发生,与其逻辑主语分别是主动和被动关系(v-ing的完成被动式不用作定语,此时用过去分词代替,因为他们的含义是一样的,所有以从简的原则来说用过去分词作定语比v-ing的完成被动式作定语要简单一些)。
   注意:每种非谓语动词的逻辑主语要从整个句子的意思上和结构上去确定。
  5、多分析理解非谓语动词的用法
  在运用非谓语动词的时侯,不仅需考虑它们每种形式的具体含义,还要考虑每种非谓语动词的用法及其固定用法。这就需要学习者不仅要分析学习其基本规律还要积累它们的固定用法和搭配。学习者能耐心细致还要吃苦是非常必要的。非谓语动词具有动词的特点,但在句子中起着名词、形容词、副词等的作用,相应地就可以充当主语、表语、定语、宾语、宾语补足语、状语等的作用。因此在掌握非谓语动词的用法时把它们分别看成相应的词性,也就具有相应词性的一些用法。
   综上所述,要想学好几种非谓语动词的用法,需要当有心人,平时多做笔记,经常整理笔记,理清思路。然后多做比较,多问为什么。在理解他们的用法之后,最重要的一点是多模仿着运用非谓语动词,都进行从句与非谓语动词的相同含义的句型转换,这样你就能很随意地驾驭各种句型了。
桐庐县招投标网

我最敬佩刘怡的地方就是:她不是只知道一味的读书,不知道玩耍,而是学习时专心致志,玩耍时酣畅淋漓。这让我想起了李大钊的名言:小孩子做什么事情都不能三心二意,要学就学个踏实,要玩就玩个痛快。

去年暑期,我有幸去了一趟新疆,亲眼目睹了生长在大沙漠里的原始树种——胡杨。乘车从新疆库尔勒出发,汽车如一叶扁舟,颠簸了三个小时后来到轮南,世界上独一无二的沙漠公路便从这里伸进了沙浪滔天的塔克拉玛干大沙漠,举目望去,沙漠中的沙丘一个接一个,沙漠公路像黑色长龙在沙海上翻腾,远处用枝条、芦苇扎成的草栅栏为公路挡风防沙;以柔性草和碾压的芦苇材料扎成不同尺寸的方格像龙鳞庇护着这条交通动脉,也像一张神奇的大网罩住了下面肆虐的沙。夏天干热空气升腾形成沙漠奇观——龙卷风,远望像股股大漠孤烟,又宛如根根擎天玉柱。这里极其干燥,虽然中午酷热,却感觉不到出汗,因为汗液刚从皮肤探出头,就被扑面而来的干热风一掠而去。在这里,每颗沙子都张着吞噬生命的大口。一刹那,我感到人生的珍贵,感到这个世界的可爱。

桐庐县招投标网

我最敬佩的人是我的妈妈,妈妈尽守孝道的品质和不怕吃苦的精神,令我不得不敬佩。

桐庐县招投标网:瘦西湖导游词 瘦西湖导游词

每天,她给我们布置的作业很少,只是随心所欲写生活,剩下的时间就让我们读自己喜欢的小说。每个星期二的下午,全校都在上作文课,唯独我们班没有。我们班在读自己喜欢的书。

桐庐县招投标网
  尽管经历了东欧剧变,东欧各国正以前所未有的速度向前发展。让我们一起前往波兰和捷克两国,了解当地的人文历史,领略魅力无穷的东欧风情吧!
  
  For centuries, Poland has been a bridge between Western and Eastern Europe. Set in the heart of Europe, Poland is a multi-faceted country where the capital Warsaw and medieval towns attract contemporary city slickers; and where horse-drawn carts pass through country lanes, untouched by the progress of the country. Poland is roughly square. It’s bordered by the Baltic Sea to the northwest, by Germany to the west, the Czech and Slovak republics to the south and Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Russia to the east. The flat central belt is the main agricultural area, watered by Poland’s longest river, the Vistula. Like all Poland’s rivers, it runs towards the north, draining into the Baltic Sea.
   Over the past decade, Poland has developed into a modern, vibrant and progressive country. Yet at the same time it maintains its traditional culture. There are two major cities in Poland you should know about Krakòw and Warsaw. As the royal capital for half a millennium, Krakòw absorbed more of Poland’s history than any other city in the country. As Poland’s most popular tourist destination, as well as an architectural and cultural gem, the city came through WWII unscathed. It has retained a wealth of old architecture from different periods. The tallest structures dominating Krakòw’s skyline are the spires of old churches. Krakòw is a city alive with character and soul. During July every year, there are numerous festivals held in Krakòw, everything from street theatre to jazz.
   Emerging like a phoenix from the ashes of WWII, Warsaw is essentially a postwar city. Its handful of historic areas have been meticulously reconstructed, but most of its urban landscape is modern. With an intriguing mix of old and new, the capital of Poland grows by leaps and bounds. Warsaw has turned into a thrilling busy city. The Royal Castle in Warsaw was the seat of kings from the 17th century on. Totally destroyed during WWII, the castle was restored to its former beauty during the 1970’s. Now, it is open to the public as a splendid museum.
   Another museum worthy of mentioning is the war-related Auschwitz Museum. Auschwitz needs no introduction. The museum is a fitting testament to one of humanity’s most deplorable atrocities. Photography is permitted. There’s a small charge to see the 15-minute documentary shown in the Auschwitz cinema. It definitely reminds you of the Polish Jews, whose presence died due to the Hitlerite Holocaust.
   Over the centuries, Polish kings and magnates erected numerous defensive castles and stately palaces. Turbulent history has reduced many of them into piles of rubble. Some of them, however, have been spared and today carefully restored enchant us with their beauty.
   Situated in the south of Poland’s harbor city Gdansk, Malbork Castle is reputedly Europe’s largest Gothic castle. It’s one of Poland’s oldest and a splendid example of a classic medieval fortress, with multiple defensive walls, a labyrinth of rooms and chambers and some exquisite architectural detail. In 1997, the castle was included on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. Polish towns reflect the whole spectrum of European styles. Poland’s eastern frontiers mark the boundary of the influences of western architecture on the continent. Still today, you can see well-preserved Medieval, Gothic and Renaissance towns some renowned as the most beautiful in Europe.

看着亲手制作的蛋糕被装进蛋糕盒,我心里说不出的高兴;吃着自己亲手制作的蛋糕,我心里说不出的甜蜜!

桐庐县招投标网

我想对我的同学和各位小伙伴们说,在外面一定要多加注意自己的安全,听爸爸妈妈的话,谨防发生一些不愉快的事儿,那是大家都不愿意看到的!

桐庐县招投标网:冬天里的一缕阳光作文_冬天的那一缕阳光作文


  Nowadays, quite a few people believe that combatant spirit is essential for one’s success in today’s competitive world. However, some young people today think nothing of this spirit which,in their opinion, is only needed in revolutionary age. Even worse, when facing the difficulties, they will choose to yield or cower without making any efforts.
  There are many factors resulting in young people’s lack of combatant spirit. Among these, comfortable living environment plays a vital role. Today’s parents provide nearly everything to the children, which results in the children’s lack of motivation for striving on their own. What’s more, the present education system does not pay much attention to help the young people build up the combatant spirit.
  Considering the importance of combatant spirit, I think it is high time to take effective measures to strengthen young people’s combatant spirit. Above all, parents shouldn’t spoil their children and should ask their children to strive for what they intend to obtain. Moreover, schools should build a better environment for students to develop their struggle and aggressive spirit. Besides, young people themselves should adjust their minds and follow the examples of those people in history or around us who achieve their success under the stimulation of combatant spirit. In a word, it is an urgent thing for today’s young people to enhance combatant spirit.桐庐县招投标网

在这十年的时间里我和母亲经历了许多事情,从这些小事里,我明白了许多道理。

桐庐县招投标网:[我感受到了春] 我感受到了什么的魅力作文



他学习很好,学习态度很端正,这使我非常敬佩他,我暗暗为他竖起大拇指,我要向他学习。

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